Sohag Sohag City located in central Egypt with 210,000 inhabitants (2005 estimate), It is located 115km south of Asyut on the western bank of the Nile, across from the city of Akhmim which is the capital of Sohag governorate with 3.8 million inhabitants (2005 estimate) - Since 1960, its capital has been the city of Sohag. Prior to that, the capital was the city of Girga and the name of the governorate was Girga Governorate. Sohag lies on the western bank of the Nile on a fertile agricultural plain,[6] approximately 6 kilometers southwest of Akhmim. In addition, the city includes two islands, Karaman-ez-Zahur Island, which is larger and uninhabited, and ez-Zahur Island (Ǧazīrat az-Zuhur, "Flower Island") which has some homes. It is unclear how long this site has been inhabited. There are several mummies here that date to Roman times, the village. In Coptic times, there was a community of monks living at the White Monastery in the area. The 10th of April is the national day of the governorate to celebrate the victory of the Egyptian national resistance troops on the French troops in Johaina Battle in 1799. The ancient town of Ipu was situated at Akhmim, on the east bank of the Nile opposite the town of Sohag. In pharaonic times it was also known as Khent-Min, being the cult centre of the god Min. It is thought that Tiye, the mother of Akhenaten, had extensive estates in the area, which flourished as the capital of the 9th Upper Egyptian nome in the Ptolemaic Period, when it was known asKhemis. The Greeks knew the town as Panopolis, and the early Coptic Christians called Chmin, Sohag now a territory of 1,547 km².Industries of Sohag include cotton ginning, weaving of textiles. The city Sohag of itself encloses only a few archaeological sites, hence tourism represents but a small portion of the city's income. Other sources of income include trade, small industries of carpets, furniture, spinning and weaving and sugar. Administrative and educational services are two big sectors of income as a small university employs a majority of residents. Sidi Arif Mosque (Arabic: مسجد العارف بالله, Masjid al-ʿArif bi-Allah). The mosque is located in the south of the city. The el-ʿArif Mosque was built in the 14th century (the 8th century of the Islamic calendar). The present building was constructed around 1995. At the corners of the facade are two minarets, and the roof is crowned by a dome. Inside the five-naves mosque the bases of the piers and the walls were lined with red granite. The ceiling is painted ornamentally; in its middle is an elongated light dome. The southeasten half is lit by chandeliers. At the end there are the prayer niche (mihrab) with simple ornaments and to the right of it the wooden pulpit (minbar). The church of the Holy Virgin (Arabic: كنيسة السيدة العذراء, Kanīsat as-Saiyida al-ʿAdraʾ). The church is located in the north of the bazaar (souq Qaiṣarīya). It consists of five naves. There are three sanctuaries for Saint George (left), the Holy Virgin and the Archangel Michael at the ends of the middle three naves. All sanctuaries are completely screened by a wooden iconostasis. On both sides of the entrances to the sanctuaries are wooden icons of the Holy Virgin and Jesus (see Iconostasis). The Lord's Last Supper and the crosses are located above the iconstasis. The presentation in the central nave is framed by a fish and a pigeon, the other ones are framed by angels and a dove. Galleries are located above the aisles and the entrance. On the walls, there are paintings of saints and scenes from the life of Jesus. Sohag University is a governmental university in Sohag. It is on the eastern bank of the Nile. It also became an independent university in 2006. Before 2006, it was part of another university. There are currently ten colleges in Sohag University, as well as future plans to found more colleges to better serve the community. With more than 40,000 undergraduates it is highly ranked in Upper Egypt in terms of undergraduates numbers. The Sohag Museum contains about 5000 artifacts gathered from around the Sohag governorate, including items stretching from the Middle Kingdom to Greco-Roman times Nearby attractions Abydos one of the most ancient cities of Upper Egypt, and also of the eight Upper Nome of which it was the capital city. It also Considered one of the most important archaeological sites of Ancient Egypt, the sacred city of Abydos was the site of many ancient temples, including a Umm el-Qa'ab, a royal necropolis where early pharaohs were entombed. Akhmim has several mosques and two Coptic churches, maintains a weekly market, and manufactures cotton goods, notably the blue shirts and check shawls with silk fringes worn by the poorer classes of Egypt. El-Hawawish the ancient necropolis (cemetery) for the city of Akhmim. El-Salamuni comprises a rock-cut chapel dedicated to the god Min. The Meritamen statue in east Akhmim in the open air museum. Beit Khallaf Outside the village are two very large brick mastabas from the Third Dynasty. Athribis The city is the site of a temple built for the goddess Repyt (Triphis) by Ptolemy XV Caesarion and subsequent Roman Emperors.

Sohag Map


El Mo’ez Street

Location: Cairo

El Mo’ez Street In 969 AD, the Fatimids built a new capital for Egypt and the new city became Egypt’s capital ever since. In 988 AD, El Azhar was erected and gained through ages, importance and effectiveness....

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